TTSAO reveals more details about upcoming conference
HAMILTON, Ont. — The Truck Training Schools Association of Ontario
(TTSAO) has revealed more details about its second annual conference,
‘Striving for Excellence in Training’ scheduled for February 15th and
16th, 2017 at the Centre for Health and Safety Innovation in Mississauga
The TTSAO has announced that David Geene, the executive director of
Georgina Trades Training will moderate the ‘Improving the Image of
Trucking’ pabel session.
Included in this panel will be Annie Kidder of People for Education,
Chris Harris from Safety Dawg, Alyson Truax an Employment Ontario
Councilor, Jacquie Latham from the Ontario School Counselors Association
and more. They will be discussing how young people and unemployed
Ontarians view the trucking profession in this province and how we can
improve this as an industry.
“According to many sources, the trucking profession in Ontario is
facing significant shortages in the near and more distant future,” said
Geene. “As students come through school and enter the work world, there
are many competing interests as those young people make decisions about
what they want to do. These influences include parents, friends and
family members, teachers, school guidance counselors, the media, and
employment counselors. This exciting panel will focus on how can the
TTSAO and carriers reach out to young people and their families? How can
those who influence career decisions be more aware of the benefits of a
career in trucking? How can we improve the image of the trucking
profession in Ontario?”
The conference is once again laid out in a two-day format; day one
will include a TTSAO Carrier Group Meeting, a TTSAO Board of Directors’
Meeting (Directors only) followed followed by the Association’s Annual
General Meeting which is open to all members and those who are thinking
of joining. After the General Meeting, there will be a cocktail party
and registrants will be able to visit companies and sponsors who are
participating in the trade show. A full day of exciting presentations
and panels will take place on Day 2.
TTSAO members and associate members can attend for only $199 plus
HST per registrant and $249.00 plus HST for non-TTSAO Members.
If you are a non-TTSAO member who would like to join the TTSAO and
attend the conference please contact Kim Richardson, TTSAO Chairman of
the Board, to discuss a special discounted rate.
The conference registration form, agenda, sponsorship details and more information are available at www.TTSAO.com.
Oakwood road shut down due to truck stuck in sinkhole
A 55,000-pound truck got stuck
in a sinkhole and shut down a side road in Oakwood for the majority of
the day Tuesday. Wallis Road, adjacent to Branch Road in Oakwood, runs
next to the Diamond Auto Spa.
The truck sat on the side of the auto care company’s lot.
In an effort to pull the truck out, crews began working as soon as the call came in at 7:43 a.m. Tuesday morning.
The Terry Towing company was still working to pull the truck out by
5:45 p.m., but ran into a problem with the Occupational Safety and
Health Administration. OSHA didn’t approve of its plans to send one of
its men into the hole, have him rig up the truck and pull it out with
the company’s towers.
“It's not going to be quick, simple or easy (getting it out),” Travis Terry said.
By 6 p.m. they were working on a plan to cut a larger hole, about 15
feet, so they could “drive” the truck out of the hole. Digging the hole
deeper would lower the front two wheels, which were suspended in the
Terry said he sees unusual situations like these all the time.
“It's maybe the weirdest thing this week,” he said, noting that it’s only Tuesday.
In his years of experience, sinkholes aren’t common in this area.
The truck belongs to the Badger Daylighting company, which specializes in hydrovac trucks and is based out of Canada.
Work on U.S.-Canada truck crossing could affect travelers
Trucks back up into British Columbia, waiting
to cross into the United States at the Pacific Highway crossing in
Blaine. Canada Border Services Agency is warning of work that could
affect travelers from the United States at the Pacific Highway port of
entry through the end of January
Canada Border Services Agency is warning of work through the
end of January that could affect travelers entering from the United
States at the Pacific Highway port of entry.
Work is being done on the Canadian traffic operations facility at what U.S. travelers call the “truck crossing” in Blaine.
Work started Monday, according to a statement issued the same day, and it will continue in two parts through Jan. 31.
on the first phase affects bus drivers and could cause short delays,
the statement said. The second phase starts Jan. 23 and affects
travelers and pedestrians who are referred inside the building.
The border agency urges travelers to follow directions from its staff. For information, go online to the CBSA website, cbsa-asfc.gc.ca/menu-eng.html.
Alberta truckers: Chocolate milk and driving don't mix
GRANDE PRAIRIE, AB--The Alberta Motor Transport Association (AMTA) is
asking Alberta Transportation to do a better job clearing snow. These
days, it's hard to tell where the road ends and the ditch begins and
slush that a government official said looks "like chocolate milk"
splashes on windshields, making visibility difficult.
Among other suggestions, the association has asked the ministry to use a coarser sand on the roads.
Truckers voiced their concerns last week during a meeting of the
association’s oilfield transport committee at the Stonebridge Hotel in
Grand Prairie. According to a report in the Grand Prairie Daily Herald-Tribune (which
was verified today for Today's Trucking by the AMTA's director of
compliance and regulatory affairs Andrew Barnes), the group spoke with
Ryan Konowalyk, Alberta Transportation’s representative for the Peace.
One of the biggest problems? “They [truckers] can’t see and of course
they get over too far and get a wheel off the edge of the road and it
sucks them into the ditch,” said Erick Hansen, a member of the
One problem, the AMTA said, is the chemical put on the roads after
plowing turns into a black spray that splashes onto windshields,
marring vision. It's also difficult to clean off.
Konowalyk said the chemical is calcium chloride and acknowledged it
does get messy. According to the newspaper report, Konowalyk compared
it to “chocolate milk.”
To make things worse, according to the truckers, snowplow crews don't
start early enough. Gilbert Francois, chairman of the committee, said
he never sees them out before dawn.
“This last storm, I know there was not a snow plow out before eight
o’clock,” he said. “And I looked on your weather maps; yeah, it says
they’re out there. But there were trucks spun out all over this area,
big time spun out, like four or five on hills. Where the [snow plows]
were, coffee shops? I have no idea – but they were not doing their job,”
the newspaper reports.
Deadline to apply to Top Fleet Employers program fast approaching
OTTAWA, Ont. — The deadline to apply for a spot in Trucking HR
Canada’s fourth annual list of Top Fleet Employers is fast approaching.
Online submissions will be accepted at www.TruckingHR.com until 4
p.m. EST on Tuesday, January 31, 2017. The program recognizes fleets
that offer the top workplaces in Canada’s trucking industry,
“Our Top Fleet Employers Program brings together fleets of all sizes
and from all regions of the country to co-operatively celebrate great
trucking industry workplaces,” explained Angela Splinter, CEO of
Trucking HR Canada. “The program provides valuable recognition and
profile for Canadian fleets, and showcases the industry as a great place
The Top Fleet Employers program rates workplaces on recruitment and
retention initiatives, compensation, lifestyle, employee engagement and
communications, health and wellness, and professional development. In
addition to the online application and document submission, the process
also involves employee surveys and follow-up interviews where required.
Selection criteria reflect human resources issues, trends and working
environments seen in the Canadian trucking industry, and have been
validated by a panel of industry experts and a Certified Human Resources
Thirty-nine fleets were recognized in the third annual program.
To learn more about the program, you watch the video below or visit www.TruckingHR.com.
A man whose vehicle was stuck in a ditch near Richer, Man. died when a semi-truck struck him Sunday morning.
A woman driving a pickup truck towing a boat trailer was heading east
on Highway 1 and stopped to help the man, about 3 km east of Highway 12.
Police said most of the truck and trailer was blocking the driving lane.
A man whose vehicle
was stuck in a ditch near Richer, Man died when a semi-truck struck him
Sunday morning. (Source: Grant Burr/The Carillon)
The stranded driver got out of his car to talk to the woman when a
semi-truck went by. RCMP said the semi driver tried to avoid hitting the
pickup truck by steering onto the shoulder of the road, but hit the
back of the pickup truck and the man standing beside it.
He was pronounced dead at the scene.
The woman driving the pickup truck, along with the 70-year-old driver
of the semi-truck and his 38-year-old male passenger, were not injured.
Women truckers from Aus.,N.Z., U.K, and elsewhere coming to Canada
OTTAWA, ON--A globally representative panel comprised of dynamic
women from Australia, Denmark, England, New Zealand, and Sweden will be
sharing their insights on a panel discussion at Trucking HR Canadas’
2017 Women with Drive summit. The third annual summit will be held March
2, 2017 and hosted at the Sheraton Toronto Airport Hotel and Conference
SPLINTER'S GROUP: "The panel provides a unique learning opportunity."
The panel includes:
Heather Jones, a veteran heavy vehicle driver from Australia with
over 25 years’ experience. Jones actively promotes the transport
industry as a long-term, rewarding career opportunity for women and she
is a passionate advocate for road safety. She mentors
new-to-the-industry drivers in all aspects of truck operations and
teaches them the “tricks of the trade” over a 160hour mentoring program.
Vibeke Theisel, a professional truck driver from Denmark goes by
the name of “Road Queen,” a name she recently picked up from her
coworkers once she obtained her truck drivers’ license. She comes to the
industry after spending five years in nursing.
Jenny Tipping, a professional competence (CPC) trainer and heavy
vehicle driver is from England. After 12 years in the UK transport
industry, Tipping is a well-respected thought leader in the field of
gender and the transport and logistics industry. She was part of an
expert panel for the UK Parliament Transport Select Committee and was
quoted in their subsequent report on the driver shortage.
Meryn Morrison, a health-and-safety compliance manager from New
Zealand has been involved in transport for over 30 years. Morrison was
the first woman to be on an executive of a road transport association
andfor is now chair of Women in Road Transport New Zealand.
Elin Engström, a truck driver, and test-driving coordinator from
Sweden, feels particularly proud that she has had the opportunity to
mentor plenty of new employees. She now leads a group of test drivers
with her female colleague at Scania.
“This panel provides a unique learning opportunity and new
perspectives for the trucking industry,” says Angela Splinter, CEO of
Trucking HR Canada. “Other countries face similar challenges in
recruiting the workers they need, and having these five women join us to
share their experiences is an exciting opportunity.”
Truck driver robbed, forced into trailer and then abandoned in Mississauga
Halton Police are searching for three suspects who held up a truck driver in Oakville and left him in the back of a trailer.
On Tuesday evening, a man who worked at a business on Cornwall Road
in Oakville began his shift and was preparing to drive a tractor-trailer
containing automotive products to the nearby Ford plant.
He noticed a minivan approach him and as it stopped, one suspect got
out of the van and threatened him with an unseen firearm. The suspect
then demanded the driver enter the back of the trailer, and the suspect
drove the truck out of the parking lot with the employee trapped inside.
As the tractor-trailer drove northbound on Winston Churchill
Boulevard, the employee in the trailer slid his hand through a gap in
the trailer doors to try and get the attention of other drivers or
Another suspect who was driving the minivan behind the
tractor-trailer noticed this, and told his accomplice to stop the truck
and they fully closed the rear doors and continued driving.
After approximately an hour, the truck then parked at an address
on South Sheridan Way in Mississauga. The suspects then ordered the
employee into the back of a second trailer where his hands and legs
The employee overheard the suspects saying the load in the trailer
wasn't of any use to them. They fled the scene, abandoning the truck and
After being inside the trailer for over an hour, the employee then freed himself and started yelling and banging on the doors.
A bystander heard him calling for help, released him and phoned police.
Investigators are looking for three suspects and describe them
as male, black, and all of average height and build. They all wore
bandanas concealing their identity.
They are looking for the suspect's vehicle, described as a red 2005 Kia Sedona minivan.
Halton Police say the suspects were driving a red 2005 Kia Sedona. (Halton Police)
Police say they are unaware of what products the suspects were hoping to steal.
offers a single-source brake-pad solution for trucks of all sizes using
disc brakes from class 1 hydraulics through class 8 air disc. These
specialty brake pads were developed for everyday heavy-use situations
and specifically designed for fleets.
The line is said to feature:
• Comprehensive and late-model coverage
• Designs and formulations that conform to OE fit, form and function
• Low-fade braking for optimum safety
• Heavy-duty performance with low dust
• Quiet operation, even in extreme situations
• All-weather stopping performance, even with heavy loads
• Hardware included where applicable
For class 1 and class 2 trucks, Raybestos brake pads include
mechanically attached friction whenever the application demands it,
providing increased safety through the reduction of rust jacking and
bonding failure. The formulations are specific to each application,
meeting or exceeding OE design performance. The product line provides
coverage for the majority of applications on the road today.
For medium-duty and air disc applications, 100% of the brake pads are
manufactured with specially formulated semi-metallic friction materials
that are mechanically attached to the backing plate. This process
improves shear strength on large puck assemblies, reducing pad end lift
and noise while increasing safety and pad life. Coverage includes
Freightliner, Hino, International, Isuzu, Kenworth, Mack, Mercedes,
Mitsubishi Fuso, Navistar, Peterbilt, Pierce, Sterling, Volvo, and
Mississauga Man Arrested After Possible Cocaine Discovered in Trailer
A Mississauga man has been arrested following the seizure of 37
kilograms of suspected cocaine at the Ambassador Bridge by the Canada
Border Services Agency (CBSA) and the Royal Canadian Mounted
On Dec. 27, a lone male driver hauling a load of fruit arrived at the
bridge. After initial questioning by the CBSA, the truck and trailer
was referred for a secondary examination. During the subsequent
inspection, a border services officer discovered 30 bricks of possible
cocaine concealed in the trailer.
The RCMP have charged the lone male under the Controlled Drug and
Substances Act with importation of cocaine and possession for the
purpose of trafficking. The accused is scheduled to appear in court in
late January 2017.
Ice chunk slides off transport truck, hits pickup like 'big bullet'
Paul Denty says the ice was as big as a coffee table and bent his front bumper
Paul Denty says an ice chunk that slid off a transport truck caused thousands of dollars in damage to his pickup
A man in Central Newfoundland says he's lucky to be alive after his
pickup was hit by a chunk of ice that slid off the trailer of an
oncoming transport truck.
Paul Denty was driving on the Trans-Canada Highway near Gambo with his wife in the passenger seat when the incident happened.
'I said, "I don't know if you realize but you almost killed me back there."'
- Paul Denty
"It was like a big bullet, in my opinion," Denty told CBC News, showing how his front bumper had been bent by the ice.
Denty said the ice was as big as the top of a coffee table — four feet long, three feet wide and three inches thick.
"We took a piece out of the grill that was about three inches thick, we figure," said Denty.
"I think if it did come through the windshield it would have either seriously injured me or it would have killed me."
Thousands in Damage
Denty pulled over after the hit to make sure he and his wife weren't
injured. Then he chased after the transport truck, signaling for the
driver to pull over so he could get his information.
Paul Denty says he thinks if the ice hit the windshield instead of the bumper it could have killed him. (Chris Ensing/CBC)
"I said, 'I don't know if you realize but you almost killed me back
there,'" Denty said he told the driver. "He was pretty cooperative.
They've co-operating pretty good. They're fixing the vehicle for me."
Denty said repairs will cost several thousand dollars.
Denty said his close call should be a reminder to all drivers to check their vehicles for snow and ice before they hit the road.
"I know the vehicles are high and it's dangerous to put a ladder on the ice to check their truck," said Denty.
"But maybe the Government of Newfoundland and Labrador or someone at
the weigh scales could put something there, like a load check — similar
to logging trucks."
Denty said he'd like to see enforcement officers continue to ticket vehicles driving without clearing their vehicles of snow.
N.C.--Volvo has recalled certain VNL, VNM and VNX truck models built
between 2012 and 2016 for an issue with the electronic air dryer that
could allow oil and water to contaminate the brake system.
The recall affects 6,127 vehicles.
The defect stems from incorrect parameters used to control the
cycling of the electronic air dryer. The parameters were set to low at
1/3 of the required volume of air to purge the desiccant. As a result,
more condensation may occur and be passed through the air system.
This can allow oil and water to contaminate the brake system and
affect brake performance over time and in certain conditions, such as
cold weather. The repair involves reprogramming the vehicle control
module with the correct parameters for the air dryer and may also
include replacement of the air dryer filter.
The recall is proactive. There have been no reports of accidents
related to the defect. Volvo found the glitch in October and informed
the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration that a voluntary
safety recall would be conducted to address the issue.
Volvo has already notified dealers of the issue and will mail
notifications to owners on or before Feb. 17, 2017. Repair instructions
are also tentatively scheduled for release by Feb. 17.
Participants watch the pounds melt off in first two weeks of 10 Pound Challenge
LONDON, Ont. — The Healthy Fleet 10 Pound Challenge is off to a
roaring start, with more than 177 pounds lost after the first 2 weeks
of the challenge, Healthy Trucker announced this week.
The 10 Pound Challenge is an opportunity for employees,
owner-operators, and drivers at fleets and allied trades to work
together to lose weight during the first eight weeks of 2017. Teams are
ranked each week based on the average number of pounds lost per person.
So far there have been over 150 participants and 35 teams to join the challenge, and the number is still rising daily.
“After just two weeks of the challenge, we are blown away by the
commitment of our participants, and we are thrilled for their success,”
said Andrea Morley, nutritionist and health coach at Healthy Trucker.
“Nothing is more rewarding than knowing lives are already being changed
as these pounds come off.”
Erb Group is currently the largest team, with 46 participants.
Carolyn VokesReibling, senior HR assistant, is leading the initiative at
VokesReibling said, “Erb Transport’s team of employees are excited to
be a part of the 2017 Healthy Fleet 10 Pound Challenge. This challenge
compliments our Highway to Health program as we all work together
towards our health goals and leading a healthier lifestyle.”
Participants submitted Health Trackers last week for a chance to win a
$50 VISA gift card. Andrea went through each tracker to provide users
with feedback. Here are some notes and tips from her based on the week 1
* Many participants did a great job cutting out treats and unhealthy
foods, a tricky thing to do after the holidays. Sugary treats in
particular spike the blood sugar, leading to energy crashes and cravings
for more sugar, and over time can lead to insulin resistance causing
* After a week of cleaning up eating habits, it’s time for more
participants to incorporate exercise into their routine to maximize
results and improve overall health. High intensity interval training
that incorporates both cardio and strength exercises will be the most
effective at aiding in sustainable weight loss.
* Vegetables didn’t make a big appearance on many tracking sheets.
Adding in more veggies is crucial for long term, overall health as well
as weight loss. Vegetables are full of fibre and help to keep us full,
especially when eating slightly less than usual. Many people don’t
naturally have a fondness for veggies, so it’s important to focus on the
kinds that you like and allow yourself to become accustomed to them
Want to get in on the challenge? There’s still time if you act
quickly! To enter your fleet, send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org. To
enter as a participant, go to www.healthyfleet.com and select “Sign
MISSISSAUGA, ON -- Pride Group Logistics has opened a new nine-acre
terminal--the company’s fourth--in Fort Erie, ON. Other Pride facilities
are in Mississauga, Brantford, ON., and Point Claire, QC.
new location boasts a secure yard, operations center, driver
facilities, multiple drive-through service bays, and a truck/trailer
wash bay. Pride bought the property at 933 Helena Street last year. It
is one exit away from the Peace Bridge that joins Fort Erie, ON to
According to PGL vice president Aman Johal, “being located five
minutes from the border will dramatically help us increase the
efficiency of our U.S. linehaul drivers as well as improve our service
to local customers on both the Ontario and New York sides.
“We are also working on plans to construct a cross-dock and freight
consolidation/deconsolidation facility on the property. The Fort Erie
terminal is a strategic component of our long-term vision for the
company.” Source of article click here: Today's Trucking
ON--Canada’s top 20 most congested traffic bottlenecks may cover just
65 kilometres, but they collectively cost drivers over 11.5 million
hours and drain an extra 22 million litres of fuel per year. These are
two findings of Grinding to a Halt, Evaluating Canada’s Worst Bottlenecks,a first of its kind study released today by the Canadian Automobile Association (CAA).
“Traffic congestion is a major source of stress for Canadians. Our
study concludes that traffic bottlenecks affect Canadians in every major
urban market, increasing commute times by as much as 50%,” said Jeff
Walker, vice-president of Public Affairs for CAA National. “Reducing
these bottlenecks will increase the quality of life for millions of
Canadians, save millions in fuel costs and reduce greenhouse gases, helping contribute to Canada’s climate change commitments.”
Studies show that bottlenecks are the single biggest contributor to
road delay, far outpacing traffic accidents, inclement weather and
construction.Grinding to a Halt, Evaluating Canada’s Worst Bottlenecks provides
data based evidence for decision-makers at the federal, provincial and
municipal level to use when making decisions on infrastructure
investment and environment policy. It includes the cost to Canadians of
these bottlenecks in terms of lost time, productivity and added
greenhouse gas emissions.
Toronto placed 10 bottlenecks in
the top 20. Montreal placed five, Vancouver placed four and Quebec City
placed one. Other markets such as Calgary, Edmonton, Regina, Winnipeg,
Ottawa and Halifax also experience serious traffic delays. Highlights
Canada’s worst highway bottleneck is the stretch of Highway 401
that cuts across the north part of the City of Toronto. This bottleneck
alone costs commuters over 3 million hours of annual delays. In total,
five of the top ten bottlenecks are found in the Toronto area.
The stretch of Highway 40 into downtown Montreal is the third worst
bottleneck in the country, costing commuters nearly 2 million hours of
Compared with US bottlenecks using a similar methodology, Toronto
and Montreal bottlenecks rank among the worst in North America.
Although the City of Vancouver does not have non-signalized highways
serving the downtown core, stretches of two main arteries (Granville
St. and West Georgia St.) are congested enough to fall within the top
ten bottlenecks - and produce the slowest driving speeds in the country.
The study also provides traffic congestion profiles for Halifax,
Quebec City, Montreal, Ottawa, Toronto GTA, Winnipeg, Regina, Calgary,
Edmonton and Vancouver.
This study collected and analyzed
speed and volume data on highways in Canada’s urban areas, provided by
mapping and location technology company HERE. These bottlenecks were
identified as those stretches of highway that are routinely and
consistently congested throughout the course of a weekday, as opposed to
stretches that are congested only at limited times of day or days of a
According to the study, traffic congestion impacts both the quality
of life for individuals and the overall economy. Motorists and
passengers give up productive work hours, and precious personal and
family time. When trucks are stuck in traffic, the goods they are moving
become more costly to businesses and consumers. The lost productivity
from delayed passenger trips and freight deliveries harms regional and
national economic competitiveness. Along with delays, congestion
increases fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. Vehicles idling
in traffic consume far more fuel than they otherwise would. And by
extension, vehicles emit more greenhouse gases in congested conditions.
BELLEVILLE, Ont. – After 90 years in business, Meyers Transport
announced that it will be ceasing its LTL operations later this month.
The news of the closure came late last week and will take full effect
Jan. 20, when the company will officially stop moving freight.
Natalie Meyers, the chairwoman of Meyers Transport admitted that the
closure was “not the best way to start the year” however, it was a
difficult decision that had to be made.
Meyers said the main reason for the closure of LTL operations was economical.
“The profitability just wasn’t there,” she told Truck News.
“The current conditions with the volume of freight, increased
competition, and a downward pressure on rates…it was hard enough to keep
your lights on. So we decided we would rather make the decision to
close the company on our own terms than to have that decision made for
us. We’ve seen that happen with other carriers.”
Including brokers, Meyers said that 190 people would be losing jobs
with the closure, though she assured the layoffs would be staggered and
Meyers added that the company’s main focus now is to ensure that none
of its customers suffer with the closing and still receive the quality
of service they expect.
Despite the closure, Meyers said that the family will still be active
in the trucking industry through its related businesses, Mortrans and
Mortrans, based in Belleville, Ont. will still provide truckload
services, Meyers said. The business will be owned and operated by Larry
and Natalie Meyers, while Mosaic Logistics, based in Peterborough, Ont.,
will be led by Jacquie Meyers.
“It has been 90 years and it’s been a good run and I want to give a
big thank you to all the employees from the Meyers family, it’s been a
pleasure and honor,” she said.
has released its Portable Axle Load Scale (PALS), said to be a
cost-effective solution to the challenge of getting accurate,
non-commercial vehicle axle weights.
scale eliminates the need for a pier or slab foundation. It's
constructed in a sub-frame, requiring only a flat, unyielding surface to
install and complete the unit. This makes it possible to install PALS
on concrete or asphalt already in place. With single-day installation, a
change in process, traffic flow, or location is easily accommodated.
PALS is fabricated using extruded structural-steel members, with
scale ramps constructed to the same standards as the weighbridge. Ramps
come standard in a full-width design that accommodates wheelbases for
most highway vehicles. Each of the four stainless-steel load cells is
designed to handle extra-heavy loads, with a capacity of 50,000 lb. The
cells are aligned through factory installation, eliminating potential
The scale operates in a wide range of applications from moving and
shipping to light manufacturing. It is built with anticipated daily
weighments of 50 trucks or fewer and has an ultra-low 6-inch profile.